Original German Posted May 1 2019 Link
today I would like to talk about the bait choice for predator fishing with artificial lures.
First, let me introduce the two most important factors:
As you can easily see, baits are differently shaped. But basically we have two main categories, the compact shape and the elongated shape. The fish's preference must be found out by testing. Once you have caught your target fish with a form two to three times, you have identified the correct shape.
When you have found the right shape of your lures at a spot, the next question is the colour. How do you find the right one? Here, we consider the
following different aspects:
Predators being cannibals often prefer baits with a colour that resembles their own species. The Pike for example, greenish, or the Kuori char red-orange baits, no matter of the weather.
Sometimes you may have the feeling that it is quite difficult to catch fish using naturally coloured baits, e.g. white or in blue/white fish-decor under clear weather conditions. Then it occasionally helps to chose a more stimulating colour such as yellow, red, or green.
In principle, however, it can be said:
Clear Weather Conditions - Natural bait colours like brown, white fish-decor, blue
Sulky weather conditions - Somewhat brighter colours, e.g. light orange or partly coloured baits.
Rain: Here, extremely bright colours can be used to provoke the fish.
Clear Night: brown, white or black tones
Cloudy Night: Bright colours like yellow or red
As you can see, this topic is quite elaborate, but it goes even further
Lures are available in various sizes from 3 cm to over 20 cm. What is for what? Here again, there are several factors to consider:
First, look at your target fish. If we take e.g. a char or trout, small to medium bait can lead to success. Here, you may try to chose smaller grubs (6 cm) or rubberfish up to a maximum of 12 cm. The same applies to wobblers and metal baits (spoons, spinners).
However, if we are looking for pike or big zander, you should switch to medium-sized or large bait, for example soft fish from 12 - 18 cm for the zander, and from 12 - 25 cm for the pike. These are just some first guidelines and not a must, but probably a good start for beginners.
In a body of water with many different depths and structures, where shall we start?
First, you should again take a closer look at the fish species. Can it be found near the bottom or does it chase its prey in mid-water or at the surface?
We take the example of the brook trout which is almost always found near the bottom, so here deep-running wobblers, rubber baits with jigs, or fishing along the ground with good old spoons will be successful.
As a counterpart we have the pike which is more likely to roam in mid-water and near the surface, and attacks its prey from below. Here we usually take jerkbaits, poppers as well as wobblers to catch them. Only under cold-weather conditions or in winter, you can also outsmart the pike well with artificial lures closer to the bottom, like deep-moving baits or rubber fish.