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Found 2 results

  1. LadyofGames

    Bream

    The Common Bream or Bream is a fish species in the family Cyprinidae. It is a valuable game fish. Its original native range is Central and Eastern Europe. Now it is much wider as this fish was introduced into many new habitats. In the north, it occurs up to the White Sea and the eastern part of the Barents Sea. It lives in rivers of Siberia and Kazakhstan, Karelia, Estonia and Finland, in the lower reaches of the Dniepr, the Volga and the Kuban, in the delta of the Danube. Bream is widespread in Caucasus, in the basins of the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Sea of Azov. It prefers still warm water with a sandy and slightly silted or clay bottom. Bream's favorite areas are deep backwaters, pools, cavities on the bottom, far from the bank. It avoids cold rivers with strong currents. Bream lives in shoals, is cautious and timid. It reacts to even the slightest noise. Bream feed on algae, worms, insect larvae, snails. Its body is flattened, its height is about one third of its length. Young bream are silvery white, adult fish are darker, with gold shimmer. The dorsal fin is high and short, its first rays are firm. Fins are gray, adult bream’s fins are black on their edges. The head is disproportionately small. Its protractile moth can form a pipe. It enables bream to extract feed from silt at the depth of about 5 to 6 cm. With its lips protracted, it pulls a mouthful of water, then spits it into silt, thus washing it out, and then gathers feed from it. In its pharynx, there are ten teeth in one row, that bream uses for holding and crushing its prey. The bream’s average body length is about 30 to 45 cm, large specimens reach a length of 75 cm. Its weight may reach 8 kg.
  2. Eastern Bream The habitat of the Eastern Bream covers the basins of the Black, Caspian and Azov Seas. The Eastern Bream is a schooling type of freshwater fish. It prefers areas of ponds with silted bottom. Algae, worms, insect larvae, snails form the diet of the Eastern Bream. Its body is tall, flattened on both sides. Its head is small. The lower lobe of the tail fin is longer than the upper. Its back is dark-colored. Its sides, depending on age, are either silver or bronze-colored. Adult fish reaches 50 cm in length and up to 5 kg in weight.
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